Château Corton GranceyGrand Cru
- RegionCôte de Beaune
- AppellationCorton Grand Cru
- Grape varietyPinot Noir
- Average vine age 40 years
- SoilMarl and limestone.
- Average yield35 hl/ha
- HarvestHand picked
- Cellaring Potential10-15 years
- Serving temperature 16-17°
- "Grancey" was the name of the last owners of the château situated on the road of Corton, before the Latour family bought it in 1891. This wine, produced by Maison Louis Latour, is unique and exclusive. It is a blend of five areas of Domaine Latour Corton Grand Cru: Bressandes, Perrières, Grèves, Clos du Roi, and Chaumes, the proportions of which vary depending on the vintage. The average age of the vines is over 40 years. After aging individually, only the best barrels are assembled to create the Château Corton Grancey. It is a wine that is produced only if the grapes are of a perfect maturity, vintages judged inferior are systematically declassified.
- FermentationTraditional in open vats
- Ageing10 to 12 months ageing in oak barrels, 35% new
- BarrelsLouis Latour cooperage, French oak, medium toasted
- Tasting NoteOur Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru is a very fine wine, with supple tannins, superb aromas and an infinite length in the mouth.
- Food PairingWild boar - roasted beef - roasted quail - duck "à l'orange" - mature cheeses.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2001 - Bettane & Desseauve - August 2005 - 15/20
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2020 - James Suckling - 98/100 pts
Complex meaty and spicy nose. This effortlessly marries the wild and refined sides of this Grand Cru! The fruit character stands on a mighty tower of tannins that are at once fine and slightly herbal. What an amazingly energetic finish! Drink or hold.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2020 - Burghound.com - 90-92/100 pts
Here too there is moderately generous wood to be found on the earthier and more sauvage-inflected aromas of black cherry liqueur and discreet floral wisps. There is better energy and good delineation on the only slightly more concentrated flavors that do deliver impressive length on the balanced and firm finale where a similar hint of bitter pit fruit emerges. 2032+
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2020 - Tim Atkin - 94/100 pts
Showing blackberries and plums with underbrush and strong minerality, this is a Corton with a lot of personality. The tannins are nicely textured while the acidity seems to melt into the soft fruit core. Latour receives the "toleration" of keeping "Château" in front of the appellation name. INAO has been cracking down elsewhere on all sorts of matters seemingly simple like this, but I do hope Latour gets to keep this name given its heritage at the property as it was the great-grandfather of Fabrice Latour who purchased the vines after the phylloxera crisis. 2023-32.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2020 - The Wine Advocate - January 2023 - 92/100
Rich and round, the 2020 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru is a full-bodied, ample and layered wine, evocative of raspberries, cherries, sweet spices, peonies and dark chocolate. Built around sweet, powdery tannins, a touch of subtle back-end warmth bears the signature of the hot, dry growing season.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2020 - Wine Spectator Insider - August 2022 - 94/1000
Delivers a velvety texture that wraps around flavors of black cherry, blackberry, plum, earth and spice. This is holding back a little now, with excellent balance and a finish that should develop even more length with time. Shows a solid core of fruit. Best from 2025 through 2045. -B.S.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2019 - Wine Spectator - 94/100 pts
A vibrant, expressive red, with cherry, strawberry, currant and earth avors allied to a silky backdrop. Dened and harmonious, building to a long, complex and rm nish. Compact in the end, so be patient. Best from 2025 through 2042.
- Chateau Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2019 - Wine Enthusiast - 98/100 pts
Bracing tannins frame red-cherry and fresh strawberry avors in this ripe yet svelte, focused wine. Youthful red-fruit avors are hedonistic already but this subtly spiced Pinot Noir is perfumed by hints of forest oor and wild herb that should gain depth with time. It's best to hold till 2024 at least. The wine should improve well through 2040.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2019 - Wine Enthusiast - December 2022 - 98/100
Bracing tannins frame red-cherry and fresh strawberry flavors in this ripe yet svelte, focused wine. Youthful red-fruit flavors are hedonistic already, but this subtly spiced Pinot Noir is perfumed by hints of forest floor and wild herbs that should gain depth with time. It's best to hold until 2024, at least. The wine should improve well through 2040. - Anna Lee C. IIjima
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2019 - The Wine Advocate - 91/93+ pts
"Notes of peonies, orange rind and sweet berry fruit introduce the 2019 Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru, a medium to full-bodied wine that's chewier and more muscular than the Vigne Au Saint. It's a more serious wine, built for some bottle age."
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - 97/100 - Wine Enthusiast, December 2020
A gentle floral hint, almost of jasmine, precedes the subtle red-cherry note of this wine. Coming in with slender grace, the palate is lightly edged by vanilla that softens the bracingly fresh red-currant note. The structure is graceful, yet enduring and firm. Freshness and fruit mingle in this fine edifice, shimmering with concentration and poise.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018, 96/100, James Suckling
Aromas and flavors of ripe plums, strawberries and walnuts, as well as burnt orange and flowers. Some meat, too. Full-bodied, layered and juicy with lots of fruit and round, powdery tannins. Flavorful finish. Needs three to four years to come together, but impressive at this young stage. Drink after 2023.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - 94 pts - Wine Spectator May 2021
The aromas reveal ample new oak, yet this red is fleshy and packed with black cherry, plum, earth, tar and spice flavors. Lively acidity and well-integrated tannins provide structure, while the finish sings with fruit, spice and mineral. Best from 2024 through 2040. — BS
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - 94 points - Wine Spectator February 2021
"The aromas reveal ample new oak, yet this red is fleshy and packed with black cherry, plum, earth, tar and spice flavors. Lively acidity and well-integrated tannins provide structure, while the finish sings with fruit, spice and mineral." 94 points
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - The Wine Advocate - 93+ pts
"Revisited in bottle, the 2018 Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru exhibits notes of dark berry fruit, cherries, forest floor and toasty new oak. Medium to full-bodied, nicely concentrated and elegantly muscular, it's the most introverted and youthfully reserved of Latour's Corton bottlings. It's a blend based on Bressandes."
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - Tim Atkin - January 2020 - 92/100
- Château Corton Grancey 2018 - Wine Review Online - December 2021 - 96/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - Burghound.com, Allen Meadows - Spring 2020 - 92/100
Moderate amounts of wood and menthol can be found on the spice, pepper and earth-suffused plum and dark currant aromas. The rich, concentrated and highly seductive middle weight plus flavors display impressively good power on the sappy, palate coating, mocha-infused and persistent finish that is shaped by somewhat raspy tannins. This will need a few years to unwind as it's pretty tight at present. 2030+
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - World of Fine Wine - March 2020 - 94/100
Deep, lustrous ruby. A very enchanting nose. Black-fruited and fully ripe, good depth, but very good freshness, minerality, purity, and vitality as well (the rigor and vigor coming from the Grèves and Perrières climats in this complete and rounded blend); light licorice and spice, more from the terroirs than the wood, which at 50% new is well integrated. An exceptionally fine grain to the tannin, which renders this unusually supple, but there is still sufficient graceful supporting structure, and a fresh, flourishing, long-lasting finish. A compelling, richly satisfying Château Corton-Grancy. (Neil Beckett - cask sample)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - William Kelley, Wine Advocate (USA) - February 2020 - 94/100
The 2018 Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru has also turned out very well, offering up a deep bouquet of cassis, dark chocolate, ripe cherries and rich forest floor. On the palate, it's full-bodied, layered and multidimensional, with fine concentration, ripe tannins and succulent acids.
- Château Corton Grancey 2018 - Bill Nanson - January 2020 - "A luxurious Corton!"
Of-course plenty of colour but far from opaque. Fresh, mineral, with a special, late-arriving floral note that I don't recognize. Directly fresh, the flavour melting over the palate, wide, concentrated, but balanced and layered - a luxurious Corton!
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2018 - Jancis Robinson - January 2020 - 17+/20
Cask sample. Deep cherry red. Dark and rocky like the Corton-La Vigne au Saint but a little richer in fruit. Savoury, with a touch of the attractive dryness and flavour of dark chocolate. Subtle and elegant. (JH, UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - Burghound.com - USA - April 2019 - 90-93/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - James Suckling - USA - February 2019 - 94/100Love the aromas of iron, rust, walnuts and subtle ripe fruit that follow through to a well knit, medium body with a pretty mid-palate of subtle fruit and flavor. Delicious after 2022.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - Wine Spectator - March 2020 - 94/100
Opulent, silky and fluid, this offers cherry, raspberry, floral, mineral and spice aromas and flavors, well-defined by a lively structure. A slightly chewy intensity allows this to fan out on the juicy finish. (Bruce Sanderson, USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - William Kelley, Wine Advocate (USA) - February 2020 - 93/100
Performing well in bottle, Latour's 2017 unfurls in the glass with aromas of wild berries, dark chocolate and sweet soil tones. On the palate, it's medium to full-bodied, lively and concentrated, with fine-grained structuring tannins and bright acids, concluding with a long and delicately mineral finish..
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - Decanter, Tim Atkin - January 2019 - 94/100
Fine, scented and well balanced, it's refreshing and gently oaked, with good palate length and a nip of tannin. Drinking Window 2024 - 2032
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - Jancis Robinson - January 2019 - 17/20
Mid smudgy crimson. Light, rather indistinct nose. Lots of charm and sweet fruit on the front palate. Juice and charm in spades. Eerily approachable, with just a hint of ripe tannins on the back palate. Drink: 2020 - 2027 (cask sample)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2017 - Burgundy Report, Bill Nanson (UK) - January 2019 - "A super Grancey to wait for!"
Perrieres, Bressandes and Clos du Roi
Actually quite a floral perfume here - 'it's very Perrières this year.' Big in the mouth, great shape and structure - tannin so fine but present without astringency. Very wide, pure fruit finishing - a super Grancey to wait for - but only if you must!
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - William Kelley, Wine Advocate (USA) - January 2019 - 93+/100
The 2016 Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru is showing very well from bottle, unfurling in the glass with a youthfully tight-knit bouquet of plums, cassis, subtle spices and incipient hints of forest floor. On the palate, the wine is full-bodied, deep and concentrated, with tangy acids, fine but firm structuring tannins and a long, expansive finish. Attractively complete and built for the cellar, this will reward bottle age. Drink 2023-2045
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Wine Spectator - May 2018 - 96/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Burghound.com - April 2018 - 93/100Excellent volume to the relatively refined mouth feel thanks to the dense but fine tannins shaping the youthfully austere, complex and impressively persistent finish.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - The World of Fine Wine - March 2018 - 93/100
Expressive, pure Morello flavors fill nose and palate. A slender body is fluid, dripping with fruit and already mellow tannins. Freshness tones and brightens. A lovely and rather sensuous wine. - Anne Krebiehl MW
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - James Suckling - February 2018 - 99/100Love the depth of fruit and intensity of this wine. It has dark fruit and floral undertones, as well as meat, which is very captivating. Full body, purity of fruit and nice, powerful tannins. Chewy and powerful. Focused austerity. A wine for the cellar. Try in 2022.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Jancis Ronbinson - January 2018 - 16/20Drink 2018-2026
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Tim Atkin - January 2018 - 93/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Burgundy Report - Bill Nanson - December 2017
Wide, deep, concentrated - great pure fruit on the nose. Silk, narrow entry but growing, growing width, depth and concentration - the intensity is not as insistent as some but that's probably a good thing. Really a lovely mid and finishing palette of flavour. Composed but with a lot to give. Super length...
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2016 - Inside Burgundy, Jasper Morris - January 2018 - 92-93/100
The various different plots which make up this 'house blend' of Corton are vinified separately and assembled when the wine is taken out of barrel. Darkish red purple, a real sense of concentration to the nose, tightly wound. Then much more supple on the palate with very good length, correct tannins, a little bit of fresh acidity too. Good length. (Tasted prior to bottling)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2015 - Wine Enthusiast - November 2017 - 95/100 Cellar Selection
This wine from the Corton Grand Cru vineyard is packed with tannins as well as smoky fruit. It is richly structured and firm, yet the fruit is equally powerful, showing bold black fruits struck against bright acidity. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2015 - Wine Spectator Insider - August 2017 - 94/100
A rich style, sporting cherry, raspberry, spice and earth flavors. Moderate tannins lend support, white the flavors persist on the long finish. Though balanced overall, this tightens up at the end, suggesting that the best is yet to come. Best from 2021 through 2038.-B.S. - USA
- Château Corton Grance Grand Cru 2015 - Burghound.com - April 2017 - 93/100
There is plenty of the classic Corton sauvage character present on the intensely earthy, ripe and attractively fresh combination of various red berry fruit scents. The sleek, big-bodied and tautly muscular flavors possess excellent size, weight and concentration while exhibiting a moderate level of youthful austerity on the beautifully persistent finish. This is presently quite tightly wound and a wine that is going to need at least 8 to 10 years first and reward 15 to 20. 2030+ Allen Meadows (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2015 - Jancis Robinson - January 2017 - 17+/20
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2015 - Tim Atkin - January 2017 - 93/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2015 - Burgundy Report - December 2016 - "Great"
Ooh - a bright, persistent and perfectly focused berry fruit to the fore. Supple, more depth of texture, a growing tannin, that's very fine but bordering on dry. Just a great big, massive Corton, but without hard or sharp edges. This is seemingly classic - wait 20 years to start harvesting! Bill Nanson (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - James Suckling - January 2017 - 93/100
Solid Burgundy with dried-strawberry and cherry character. Full-bodied, chewy and rich. A little one-dimensional now, but this shows the quality of the vintage and will develop beautifully in bottle. Drink or hold.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - Robert Parker - September 2016 - 90/100
The 2014 Corton Grancey Grand Cru has quite a perfumed bouquet with redcurrant and cranberry aromas, raspberry coulis and a subtle marine influence that becomes more pronounced as it opens with aeration. The palate is medium-bodied with slightly chewy tannin, a little gritty in texture with a healthy pinch of white pepper towards the solid finish. Give this a couple of years and you should have a decent, if a little rustic Corton. Drink: 2018 - 2027 (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - Wine Enthusiast - October 2016 - 95/100
This is a blend from several Grand Crus on the Corton hill. It is rich and spicy, with great black fruits and solid tannins. A powerful wine, it's shot through with acidity and black-plum fruits throughout the structure. Drink from 2023. f
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - Burghound.com - April 2016 - 94/100
A gorgeously fresh and notably more complex nose exhibits notes of both red and dark cherry, cassis, spice, game and forest floor. The sleek, intense and impressively concentrated flavors are imposingly scaled before concluding in a stony, well-detailed and overtly muscular finish that delivers outstanding length. Like the Perrières this is very clearly built-to-age and is going to need a minimum of a decade first. /2029+
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - Tim Atkin (UK) - February 2016 - 93/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2014 - Wine Spectator - October 2016 - 93/100
A muscular style, with rich, ripe fruit and an initially suave texture. Cherry, raspberry, tea and chalky mineral elements converge midpalate, ending with firm tannins and a minerally hint. Best from 2019 through 2025. By Bruce Sanderson (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - Wine Spectator - May 2016 - 92/100
There is density and intensity to this tight red, with cherry, strawberry, spice and mineral flavors remaining persistent through the finish. Balanced and long, leaving a mouthwatering impression. Best from 2019 through 2032.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - James Suckling - June 2015 - 93/100A
beautiful and complex red with flowers, dark fruits, citrus and spice
character. Full body, firm tannins and a bright finish. Tight and dense.
Seamless and very pretty. A nice blend of different vineyards of Corton. Better
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - Burghound.com - Avril 2015 - 92/100Here too very generous wood all but dominates the nose though aggressive swirling allows the earthy and sauvage-inflected dark berry fruit aromas to be appreciated. There is an opulent mouth feel to the broad-shouldered
flavors that possess better ripeness of the structural elements on the lingering finish. This is the best of these Corton Grands Crus.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - Burgundy Report - December 2014 - "Excellent"Deep colour. Big, open, wide with floral top notes, faint tobacco(?) lots of interest here - lovely. Big, round, but more muscular than textural - only slowly developing a textural base of velvet tannin. A peak of fresh flavour in the finish. Excellent
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - Tim Atkin - January 2015 - 94/100 (UK)Louis Latour has substantial holdings on the hill of Corton, both red and white. The latter tends to garner most of the attention, but this domaine red is delight, showing classic Corton restraint and subtle red fruits, but none of the rusticity than seems to come with the territory on occasion. By Tim Atkin (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2013 - Wine Advocate - December 2014 - 92/100The 2013 Chateau Corton Grancey Grand Cru possessed the most impressive nose of the Corton 13's from Louis Latour: blackberry, undergrowth and candied orange peel, a convincing undertow of minerals. The palate is medium-bodied with gentle tannins, sappy black fruit and lightly peppered finish that linger in the mouth. Enjoy this over the next decade.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Burgundy Report - May 2016 - "Really fills the mouth"
A modest intensity aromatic, pretty, slightly powdered red fruit with a fine accent of freshness. Bright, fresh ebullient. Really fills the mouth, halo-ed with a little dryness of tannin. Layers of flavour, though like the Vigne aux Saint, this is less open to be really enjoying today, nice, clean and direct finishing flavour that still holds some dryness of structure. By Bill Nanson (UK - Tasting of Cortons 2012)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Wine Enthusiast - December 2015 - 93/100 - Cellar Selection
From vines around the Latour winery, this is a generous and full-bodied wine. It has ripe tannins along with fragrant acidity and swathes of red-berry fruits cut with acidity. Structured and dense, it has weight and the potential for richness as it ages. Drink after 2020. By Roger Voss (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Wine Spectator - Juin 2015 - 90/100The cherry and strawberry flavors are slightly muted in this red, whose chalky feel belies the long finish. Mineral and spice notes add depth and the vibrant structure keeps this mouthwatering. Best from 2019 through 2030.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - The Sunday Business Post - February 2015 - 92/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Wands - January 2015 - 16/20
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Apstein on Wine - December 2014 - 96/100With their 67+ acres of Grand Cru vineyards, Louis Latour owns more of those precious plots than anyone else in Burgundy. They are best known for their stellar wines from the Grand Cru vineyard of Corton — both red and white. Their flagship red, Corton Grancey, is a blend of wine made from grapes grown in four Grand Cru plots — Corton Bressandes, Corton Perrières, Corton Clos du Roi and Corton Grèves — located on the hill of Corton. Always a superb wine, their 2012 Corton Grancey is outstanding. Concentrated and dense without being overblown, it delivers both ripe and savory elements. The polished tannins lend support and a luxurious texture. Very long, it has the requisite balance to develop gracefully over the next two decades. Michael Apstein (USA)
- Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Burgundy Report - June 2014 - "I like very, very much!"A large part of this cuvée is from Bressandes, augmented with grapes from Clos du Roi, Grèves and Perrières. The colour is a little deeper. The nose has more impact than the previous two Cortons (Clos du Roi and Perrières) - but today it is a rather monolithic whole after the last wines. In the mouth, however, this is much more exciting; with many dimensions of flavour, growing intensity and a real energy about it - this, I like very, very much! - Bill Nanson
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Burghound.com - April 2014 - 92/100A restrained and brooding but beautifully complex nose offers up cool red and dark berry fruit aromas that are liberally laced with pungent earth, spice and sauvage hints. On the palate there is more size, weight and concentration than in any of the prior Corton grands crus as well as notably better depth and persistence of the balanced and built to age finish. By Allen Meadows (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Tim Atkin - February 2014 - 94/100A little fresher and chalkier than Latour's Les Perrières bottling, this is a refined, elegant Corton rather than a blockbuster. The tannins are particularly well handled here, supported by sweet raspberry and red cherry fruit and tangy acidity. Reasonably priced for a Grand Cru, too. 2018-28 (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2012 - Jancis Robinson - January 2014 - 17/20Pale to mid crimson. Leaf mould on the nose in a smudgy, hazy way. Sweet palate entry - already with quite a bit of charming fruit. Drink 2016-2025 (cask sample) UK
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2011 - Wine Enthusiast - September 2014 - 92/100Corton Grancey is the site of Louis Latour's winery and has a long tradition in the family's hands. This 2011 is powerful and solid while offering very ripe and jammy fruits. Attractive acidity cuts through the richness and contracts with the finely modulated. It has a good aging potential, drink from 2018.-R.V.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2011 - My Wines And More - August 2013 - 92/100Bright ruby. Red berries, fruity, elegant nose, slightly scented. Fresh acidity, ripe tannins, lively and elegant, refreshing, polished and long.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2011 - Wine Spectator - June 2014 - 90/100A densely textured red, displaying concentrated cherry, raspberry, spice, earth and briar flavors. A little chewy in the end, with sufficient ripe fruit. Best from 2017 through 2030. By Bruce Sanderson (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2011 - Burghound.com - May 2013 - 93/100The brooding, ripe, cool and complex dark berry fruit aromas are very Corton in personality as there is plenty of sauvage character present. There is excellent richness and power to the broad-shouldered flavors that exhibit solid mid-palate concentration, all wrapped in a robust, muscular and moderately rustic finish. This is quite promising though it will need time.2023+. By Allen Meadows (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - Burgundy Report - May 2016 - "Super wine!"
Here is a more whole and balanced nose - round high and low tones - nothing sticks out - yum! Sweeter, rounder, less tannic, better overall balance than the preceding wines. Less astringency than all the others. Really highly successful blending in 10. Super wine! By Bill Nanson (UK - Tasting of Cortons 2010)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - Wine Chronicles - May 2016 - 90/100
The aromas include cassis and white flower, very refined and fresh, and lead to a somewhat tannic attack, with much substance on the palate. Although I think the 2012 seems to have more dry extract, hence a lower score. But I could easily drink this with a choice prime rib of beef.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - James Suckling - June 2015 - 95/100Bright
and intense with blackberry, blueberry, and lemon rind. Full-bodied, yet tight
with tannin tension and form. Mineral and Asian mushroom too, plus a bright
finish. Just about ready. Love tasting this.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - The Sunday Business Post - February 2015 - 91/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - Burghound.com - April 2012 - 92/100Generous but not dominant wood fights somewhat with the otherwise pure, pretty and restrained aromas redolent with plenty of the classic earth and animale character of a classic Corton. There is a beguiling freshness and sense of energy to the focused and sleekly muscular full-bodied flavors that possess reasonably good depth but excellent length on the balanced finish. There is both limited rusticity and austerity and 2010 is actually a relatively refined vintage for this wine. 2020+ By Allen Meadows (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - Wine Spectator - October 2013 - 90/100Elegant, featuring a strong spine of tannins, with lively acidity supporting the wild strawberry, berry and animal flavors. Lean and tactile on the finish, where licorice and mineral accents peek through. Best from 2016 through 2032.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2010 - Wine Enthusiast - November 2012 - 93/100 "Cellar Selection"A firm, powerful wine, its tannins still very dominant. Acidity is a factor, along with deep red-plum fruit. Some sweetness will develop in the next several years, although this concentrated and complex wine will also have a solid core of dry, structured tannin. Age for at least 5 years. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Vivino, 2018 Wine Style Awards - November 2017 - 1st of Burgundy Côte de Beaune Reds
- Château Corton Grancey 2009 - JoannaSimon.com - "Corton's natural power"
Red Burgundy doesn't come much more opulent and powerful than this: a case of Corton's natural power combined with the seductive ripeness of the 2009 vintage. Rich cherry fruit with a touch of cassis, smoky, toasty, cocoa and mocha flavours hiding velvet-soft tannins and then a twist of orange peel giving freshness to the finish. All too drinkable now, but deserves to be cellared a few more years and could be kept at least ten more. And save some budget and cellar space for the 2010. (By Joanna Simon, UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - En Magnum - Dec 16 FeB 2017 - 18.5/20
Moderately intense colour. Complex nose, blackberry jam, brambles, earthy notes and dried meat. Mouth is firm with very delicate tannins. An "iron hand in a velvet glove". On the finish, there is nothing less than voluptuous and balance that makes it a perfect food match.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Tom Cannavan's wine-pages.com - August 2015 - 92/100
Lovely calm and harmonious nose, with soft smokiness and ripe, rich fruits. Such delicious sweetness and resolution here, with all the coffee and red fruits, but not as striking as the Vigne Saint or even the Vosne Romanées, it is lighter with less substance but has such lovely layered intensity and such fine tannins and acidity that I think this might just be in a slightly dumb phase - it is really very good, but perhaps will be better in a couple of years. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - James Suckling - June 2015 - 94/100A
tangy red with sliced apple, citrus, plum, chocolate, and fresh herb. Full to
medium body, beautiful core of fruit and a bright finish. Chewy and polished.
Tight now. Give this time. Drink or hold.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - The Sunday Business Post - February 2015 - 92/100
- Château Corton Grancey 2009 - Tasted Journal - June 2013 - 90,5/100Rather light colour. The nose offers some mineral notes red berries, ginger, soft texture but rather mouth-filling with elegant red fruit, silky tannin, soft extraction and a long smooth finish. By Andreas Larsson. Purple red with violet hue. Elegant nose with slightly closed character, fine red berries and a hint of chocolate. On the palate elegant minerality, good length. By Markus Del Monego.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Wine Spectator - February 2012 - 92/100 A little stern on the nose, but boasting ripe, juicy raspberry and spicy cherry on the palate. This is very supple and lively, with power and a lingering aftertaste of spice and mineral. Best from 2014 through 2027. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Wine Enthusiast - October 2011 - 93/100An intense and concentrated wine, with dense black fruits balanced by acidity. There is ripeness here, with a firm, ageworthy structure as well as delicious juicy Pinot Noir character. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Burghound.com - May 2011 - 91/100 A ripe, pretty and, surprisingly expressive nose features aromas of red berries, warm earth, cassis and a hint of the sauvage that can also be found on the open and already accessible flavors that possess fine complexity on the long and mildly austere finish. This should age and improve over the next 12 to 15 years. 2021+. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Decanter - February 2011 - 18/20Reticent oaky cherry nose. Has none of the earthiness of much Corton, but medium-bodied, fresh, and juicy, with bright, concentrated fruit and considerable charm and finesse. Good length. Drink 2014-2022. By Stephen Brook (UK).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Chris Kissack - January 2011 - 17-18/20Bright and youthful, with no greater density of hue then any of the more basic wines that preceded it. The fruit here has a fresh and ripe style, crunchy, vibrant and with darker elements than some, notes of black cherry over the fresh, vibrant, perfumed raspberry. Supple, well styled, very polished and harmonious. The oak seems to be taking the crunchy-gritty edges off the fruit here, although it is still dense and interesting, and shows lots of robust spice at the finish. A good, integrated structure here, solid, spicy and sappy in the finish. There are some tannins running through it behind the polished fruit too. Good potential here, with a tannic and acidic structure that should age well. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2009 - Jancis Robinson - January 2011 - 17/20Drink 2014-2020: Mid ruby. Low-key nose. Some energy underneath. Rather succulent overall. Then quite a bit of framework underneath. Very embryonic and unformed but quite promising, Much more youthful than most of Louis Latour's Côte de Beaune reds. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2008 - James Suckling - June 2015 - 92/100This
is starting to open now with silky tannins, bright acidity and a tangy finish.
Light earth, spice and meat flavors. Lots of dried citrus too. Delicious
finish. Drink now.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2008 - The Sunday Business Post - February 2015 - 91/100
- Château Corton Grancey 2008 - Wine Spectator - April 2011 - 90/100The cherry and strawberry aromas and flavors deliver purity, but there is also a firm base of tannins that need to be resolved. Thus, this is balanced on the dry side, yet long and spicy. Best from 2013 through 2023.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2008 - Burghound.com - April 2010 - 89-92/100Mild wood influence does not compromise the transparency of the fresh and earthy red pinot fruit nose that exhibits a slight sauvage character that can also be found on the energetic, detailed and tautly muscled middle weight flavors that possess good richness and more refinement than usual on the serious, long and linear finish where a touch of austerity can also be seen. 2018+. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2008 - The World of Fine Wine - March 2010 - 16/20Medium-deep ruby. Balanced, clean, and lightly nutty on the nose. More powerful than racy, but there is still considerable finesse and a refined quality to the tannins. - NB. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2006 - Wine Review Online - March 2009 - 92/100Corton, the only grand cru vineyard for red wine in the Cote de Beaune, is large and produces wines of variable quality. Latour, the largest owner of the vineyard, makes one of the best. Corton Grancey, a proprietary--not a plot--name, is a blend of wine from Latour's best grand cru plots within the Corton vineyard. It has a core of ripe, almost sweet, red fruit that is immediately captivating. Unusually forward wine for a Corton, it still has a firmness that will take years of cellaring to soften. Even at this stage, there are nuances of leafiness and earthiness that are the hallmark of Burgundy. Not an intense wine--this is not the Cote de Nuits--it has marvelous persistence nonetheless. By Michael Apstein (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2006 - Wine Spectator - May 2009 - 90/100Berry and cherry flavors lead off, with the firm structure showing its hand by the finish. This is pretty balanced. Best from 2012 through 2022. By Bruce Sanderson (USA).
- Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru 2006 - Burghound.com - April 2008 - 89-91/100A pretty and only moderately sauvage nose of crushed red berries, oak spice and warm earth gives way to reveal round, supple and slightly light flavors relative to what this wine usually possesses, all wrapped in a firm finish with grand cru finesse and elegance. 2013+. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2006 - Jancis Robinson - February 2008 - 17.5/100Sweet notes - vanilla and toffee - overlay the dark red plum fruit flavours. Rounded sweet tannins and good length. Delicious. Drink 2010-16. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - The International Wine & Food Society - October 2017 Classic showing lots of earthy cherry fruit, acid, tannins still not totally together. Used 35% new oak nicely integrated with an impressive future ahead of it.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Tom Cannavan's wine-pages.com - August 2015 - 94/100
By contrast a very early vintage, hot and ripe. A blend of four different Corton parcels. Fine, attractive colour with ruby and a touch of blood and brick at the rim. Very delicate subtle complexity, a touch of dried blood and tobacco or dried herbs, and still quite bold red fruits. Delicious freshness on the palate, with a smooth, refined cherry fruitiness and although there is obvious ripeness in this hot year, it has a lovely edgy and briar freshness and little endive and cardamom notes. Very long and fine. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Vin Mat & Vanner - 94/100Ripe strawberries, vanilla and very well balanced oak. Soft tannins.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - TheFineWineTimes.com - February 11th, 2010 - "Pretty delicious"Pretty delicious actually. Spicy, red and black-currant nose, forest fruits with fresh frambois at the fore. Hints of undergrowth, cream and loams. Decently rich wine, good concentration with a developed melange of red and black spicy fruits, minerality and well judged lick of light new oak. The fruits really shine through here and its nice to taste a wine with such purity without a gigantic whack of oak getting in the way.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Decanter World Wine Awards 2009- October 2009- SilverRestained, but classy and ripe, sweet black cherry notes. Very elegant and opulent.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Sommelier Wine Awards - UK - May 2008
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Wine Enthusiast - August 31st, 2008 - 93/100This is one of Louis Latour's flagship reds, a powerful wine, with its dense, solid fruits, big tannins and concentration. Those black plum juices are building up behind a firm layer of dryness. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Wine Spectator - March 2008 - 92/100A rich, somptuous red, with a velvety structure and cherry compote and spice notes. It has a sweetness at its center, but lively acidity and firm tannins too. Good lingering finish. Approachable now, but will get better. Best from 2012 through 2028. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Burghound.com - April 2007 - 90-93/100A very subtle touch of wood frames a spicy red berry fruit nose that dissolves into rich, full, wellmuscled and sweet flavors that possess a good deal more volume and while the mid-palate is supple and round, the finish has the firmness that one expects from a big Corton. There is much better balance here and this should age well. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Wine Advocate - May 2007 - 87-89/100The Latour flagship 2005 Corton Chateau Corton Grancey offers bith aromatically and on the palate a wealth of mineral characteristics: chalk, brine, wet stone and a distinctly alkaline overall cast. Expansive, black cherry fruit (as well as cherry pits) and underlying meatiness emerge more prominently in the finish. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2005 - Jancis Robinson - January 2007 - 17.5/20Lovely gentle ripe fruit on the palate. Some almost liqueur like richness on the palate.Drink 2009-15. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - The International Wine & Food Society - October 2017 Big rich powerful more spicy Corton from a uniquely hot year. Yet has cooler fruit with only 13.5 alcohol and balance in this big format. Louis-Fabrice states their aim is to pick fruit that will show finesse and charm in the resulting wine. Property just 10 metres from the recent DRC acquisition in Corton.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Target Magazine - January 2011 - China:Pleasant garnet color, medium tannins and acidity lead to candied cherry and sweet vanilla, oak and fruit flavor, but also a touch of leather fragrance.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Wine in China - May 2009 - 90/100Deep ruby red. Intense and elegant aromas. Powerful in the mouth. Perfect balance with acidity, tannins, flowers. Good ageing potential. (China)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Burghound.com - April 2005 - 89/100Ripe red black fruit aromas giving way to relatively accessible medium weight flavors that are impressively complex, all underpinned by solid length and a slightly dry finish. 2011+. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Vinavisen Magazine - February 2005 - 5 starsA red wine, which express itself thoroughly with its ample re berry taste. A hint of oak grants it a very elegant finish.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Sommeliers International - October 2007 Visual aspect : translucent, radiant, with a vivid garnet-red hue.
Nose : Expressive, fruity and fresh, on aromas of macerated black fruit and a toasted hint.
Palate : Generous, well-balanced and fruity with silky tannins. The finish is long and spicy.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Wine Spectator - May 31st, 2005 - 92-94/100The best red shows outstanding potential: the sweet, licorice-tinged Corton Grancey. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Wine Spectator - May 2006 - 90/100This red is packed with sweet ripe cherry, cassis and plum aromas and flavors. It's almost too easy and fruity, yet there are dense tannins and freshness lending support. Still needs time to come together. Best from 2008 through 2018. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - La Revue du Vin de France - February 2006 :Quite dense robe, nose that is fruity and intense; ripe and very effusive. A treat. Velvety, luscious palate. Ready to drink, but with a great potential of cellaring. Will have to resist a premature de-corking. (France)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003 - Wine Enthusiast - September 2005 - 89/100This is a sophisticated, elegant wine, that offers sweet, generous fruit, and caramel flavours. Misses the mark of excellence because of its ultraripeness. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2002 - South China Morning Post - January 2013 - "Fruit Intensity"Developed notes of mushroom, truffles and undergrowth. Full-bodied with good fruit intensity, balanced acid and long finish. Can drink now but has capacity to age for another decade.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2002 - Wine Tomas Word Press - December 2012 - 93/100Nose: cherries, ripe strawberries, some zest, mineral, somewhat developed notes with undergrowth and decaying leaves, spice, some tar.
Palate: good concentration, ripe strawberries, very strong mineral notes, good acidity, some spice, well integrated and rather mild tannins, very mineral aftertaste.
Summary: excellent elegance and balance, very good minerality for a red wine. Developed, but can take much more cellaring. By Tomas (Word Press - Sweden)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2002 - Newsweek - May 23rd, 2005 - 91/100This grand cru offers dense flavors of cherry, licorice and spice and is made in relatively large quantities. (UK)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2002 - Wine Spectator - February 9th, 2005 - 91/100Cherry, licorice and spice notes are dense, persistent and well-integrated into the structure. This rustic style is tightly wound and really builds on the palate to a long finish. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2001 - Burghound.com - April 2004 - 88/100Medium ruby. A nicely elegant, moderately earthy, fresh and quite aromatically complex nose that is decidedly riper than any of the preceding wines leads to denser, richer, fuller and more muscular flavors and a sweet and happy finish. There isn't a great deal of definition however but there is good underlying material and a firm finish. A solid if not better effort that should require 6 to 8 years to be at its best. 2008-13. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2001 - Bettane & Desseauve - August 2005 - 15/20 Old way great Burgundy, the best to match wild poultry where its aromatic complex nose and its fine body will do great. (France)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2000 - Burghound.com - April 2003 - 90/1002000 Corton-Grancey. Ripe, explosive and rich dark fruits are followed by the biggest and richest flavors of any wine in the range as there is excellent character, very good volume plus solid density and superior length. This is simply delicious in the best sense of the world yet there is enough structure present to suggest that this will benefit from 7 to 10 years of cellar time. An impressive wine. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1999 - Wine Spectator - February 2nd, 2001 - 95-100/100Latour's Corton Grancey is a sensational effort - rich and unctuous, spicy, deep and ripe. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1999 - Wine International - July 2004 - 90/100An extracted weighty style with black fruit, liquorice and coffee. Full bodied and chunky with nice, ripe damson fruit and a chocolate edge. (USA)
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1998 - My Wines And More - May 2013 - 90/100Ruby, garnet rim. Chocolate, coffee, prunes, sos bois, scented and a deeper feel to it. Fresh acidity, ripe tannins, refreshing, a little bit oaky texture, more or less at peak, drink over the next two years or so, long.
- Château Corton-Grancey Grand Cru 1998 - Wine Magazine - May 2003 - 88/100 « Savoury and light with a touch of raspberry fruit and notes of vanilla and spice on the palate, with appealing acidity ». CM « Nice weight of truffle fruit. Starts quite sweet but is a touch hollow in the middle. Gets better on the finish with hints of violets and mint. Age 0 ? 2 years ». DS
- 1997 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru – The Beverage tasting Institute – 2000 - 89 points :Bright ruby hue. Sweet, juicy berry aromas. Rounded and lush upfront with a moderately full body and a supple, persistently fruity finish.
- 1996 Château Corton Grancey – Wine Spectator – May 15th, 1999 – 87 points :Finesse of the Pinot Noir – the wine offers aromas of very pure elegant red berries. Well-structured and subtle. It will acquire more depth in ageing.
- 1996 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru – Wine Advocate – Issue 116 – April 30th 1998 – 86-88 points :The bright ruby/purple-colored Corton offers blackberries and blueberries in the nose and a beautifully ripe, medium-bodied, and silky core of black cherries and cassis. A well-crafted wine.
- 1996 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru – Wine Spectator Buying Guide – May 15th 1999 – 87 points :Showing a purity of pretty berry flavor that’s sweet-tasting on the midpalate. Well made in a subtle style. Should gain depth with age.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1995 - Wine Advocate - August 1997 - 84-85/100Light-to-medium ruby-colored, the Corton-Grancey displays sweet strawberries in the nose as well as in its silky-textured character. A lovely raspberry soda-flavored and light-to-medium-bodied wine to quaff, it is simple, beautifully-textured, and made for near term drinking. As always, ratings with a score in parentheses indicate the wine was tasted from cask, not bottle.
- 1995 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru - Cellar Tracker - March 2009 - 90 points:Fully mature. Very sweet fruit, soft and round. Drink now.
- 1995 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru – Wine International - June 2005 – 88 points :This wine has a very fruity, opulent nose and palate with a pretty firm tannin structure too.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1993 - Wine Spectator - November 1995 - 88/100Sleek and racy berry, plum and vanilla character. Very fresh on the palate with fine tannins. Drink in 1999. 1,250 cases made.
- 1993 Château Corton Grancey – Guide Hachette des Vins 1997 :Fruity wine, reminiscent of strawberry jam.
- 1993 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru – The Philadelphia Inquirer – November 3rd 1996 :Tea-like, with subtle nuances of spices and fruit.
- 1992 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru - The Wine - November 1998 :This wine, from the '92 vintage, is very mature according to Derek, while bili found it soft, rich and classy. Susan was full of praise, saying really well put together. Rich and luscious but with great balance. Sweet and highly drinkable.
- 1992 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru - The Wine Magazine - November 1998 - 90 points : This wine, from the 92 vintage, is very mature soft, rich and classy. Susan was full of praise, saying 'really well put together. Rich and luscious but with great balance. Sweet and highly drinkable'.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1990 - Burghound.com - July 2008 - 91/100The nose has reached full maturity and offers up notes of game, some secondary fruit aromas and ample earth nuances that continue onto the rich, full and still nicely firm full-bodied flavors underpinned by moderate tannins and excellent length. This avoids any dryness on the finish as well as the sometimes green aspect that certain 1990s display on the nose. In sum, a lovely wine that has reached its apogee but one that should also hold for many years to come. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1990 - Wine Spectator - Dec 1992 - 89/100Not made in a big style, but the intensity is there, with mint and milk chocolate notes, a very creamy, supple mouth-feel and smooth, round finish. Develops in the glass. Drink now. 800 cases made.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1990 - Jamie Goode - 9th March 2008 - "Really elegant"Louis Latour Chateau Corton Grancey Crand Cru 1990 was just singing. It's one of those rare wines where you feel you are drinking it at its peak. Smooth, mature and really elegant. (UK)
- 1990 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru - Wine - July 2000 :Brick red with smoky, toasty, red fruit aromas. This is fine textured, elegant, sweet and plummy with nice length.
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1989 - Tom Cannavan's wine-pages.com - August 2015 - 95/100
Haunting, beguiling and seductive, so much finesse so much soulful, deep red fruit pulp ripeness but also smoke and tobacco, truffle and just a touch of undergrowth, but really it is creamy fruit. The beautiful fragrance transfers seamlessly to the palate. So much fruit, a complete strawberry fruit pulp punch with fabulous depth and delightful tannin and acid structure - still giving lovely support with the sweet fruit persisting. (UK)
- 1972 Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru - Tom Cannavan's Wine Pages - March 2009 - 92 points:Fine nose, quite vegetal, with touches of baked, hot earth and gravel. Complex and alive palate. The lasting impression is of ground coffee and a touch of strawberryish fruit. 92/100
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1953 - Burghound.com - July 2006 - 90/100This is a curious wine in the sense that it's exceptionally attractive but drinks nothing at all like one would expect from a Corton-Grancey. The beautifully expressive nose is wonderfully spicy and elegant with round, supple and pretty medium weight flavors that have resolved all of the underlying tannin, culminating in a nicely long finish. Blind, I would have immediately said Romanée St. Vivant rather than something which displayed the usual robustness of Corton. Be that as it may, this is attractive and drinking perfectly now. By Allen Meadows (USA).
- Château Corton Grancey Grand Cru 1945 - Burghound.com - April 2006 - 95/100Still quite ruby in the middle though there is obvious bricking at the rim and the aromas are classic aged Corton with strong notes of sous bois, warm earth, game, leather and a hint of spice. The flavors are still vibrant and there is more than a trace of structure with good richness and fine length. This is in outstanding condition at 58 years of age and is an altogether lovely wine that is fully mature but sufficiently fresh that it can continue to be held without concern. Another bottle tasted with Wilf Jaeger at his 1945 tasting was even fresher and finer than the one reviewed above. And it will continue to hold without difficulty. A great effort. Another bottle opened by Douglas Barzelay was also simply outstanding. Tasted three times now with remarkably consistent notes for a wine of this age and different provenances. By Allen Meadows (USA).